What is Science?Edit


An old photo of an analytical chemistry lab

Science is determined by the Oxford Dictionary as "the intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the structure and behaviour of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment". The word "science" comes from the Latin word "scientia" (which is translated as knowledge). The Ancient Greek word "episteme" (translated into english as science) was defined by Aristotle to be a type of reliable knowledge which is built up logically from strong premises, and can be communicated and taught. Science has developed due to the uses of different methods of inquiry. Many of these procedures have been used, and prominent scientists even began to create their own "scientific methods".

The fields of science have been expanded over the years. For example, many people consider philosophy and the social sciences to be within the boundaries of the General Sciences. However, we will be focusing on the most understood topics of science (which chiefly consist of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology)


Science began to thrive in Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, where prominent philosophers started to think about the world around them. Many doctrines that were on the topic of science were written by many philosophers and thinkers such as Ptolemy and Pliny the Elder. However, during the Scientific Revolution Aristotelian beliefs and concepts were rejected with new doctrines replacing the older ones. Various medical and astronomical theories (such as Ptolemy's Geocentric model of the universe) were also proven to be false. During this period, many scientific innovations on all subjects (from microscopes to human anatomy to calculus) were conceived by many scientists that we remember today. A selection of famous scientists that arose during this period are Nicolaus Copernicus, Johannes Kepler, Isaac Newton, Galileo Galilei, Andreas Vesalius, Gottfried Leibniz, and Antonie van Leeuwenhoek.

The foundations of science were formed in the Scientific Revolution. All fields were highly developed during this rebellion against traditional scientific beliefs, and the ideologies formed back then began to be expanded. We are still attempting to expand on their contentions and to connect various theories in science.

Science continues to inspire people to create new ideas and devices that continue to propel our civilization to higher levels, giving us the technology that continuously aids with our lives in an ever-changing world. With our knowledge of computing and programming, our world has entered a new era of scientific discovery that is supported with the Information Age. Science is truly a building that must be expanded. It is the fuel for modern society.